Dark spots on face can be one of the most challenging skin issues for people with darker skin. These spots result from dark pigments under the skin accumulating and can occur during any period in your life. While dark spots on face are considered problematic for all skin types, this type of skin discoloration is especially dramatic on darker skin, due to the higher levels of melanin that are present. The first step towards eliminating dark spots on face is to understand the causes and how to use the right treatments to reduce their appearance.
What Causes Dark Spots on Face?
Physicians commonly refer to these spots as hyperpigmentation. This condition involves the extensive darkening or pigmentation of the skin. This skin issue is triggered or caused by a number of factors such as oral medications, sun exposure, medical conditions, acne, rashes, scratches, surgery, certain skincare products, burns, laser resurfacing, or laser hair removal, and chemical peels.
These spots can appear bluish, gray, light brown, or dark brown. Usually, these spots will appear on the face but they can also appear on the legs, back and neck, or anywhere on the body. Once these spots appear, the can take weeks, months or even years to fade on their own. For people with darker skin, these spots are commonly caused by acne flare-ups and will take an average of six months to fade without any type of treatment.
How to Prevent Hyperpigmentation or Darkening of the Skin
While you won’t be able to prevent skin lightening or dark spots on face from appearing entirely, there are some steps you can take that can help with the severity.
First of all, if you are someone who’s prone to acne, be sure that you’re using an acne treatment that works for you, and follow this regimen at least twice daily, on a consistent basis. The longer a person waits to treat their acne, the more likely their chances are of experiencing dark spots on face. This can also apply to other skin conditions, such as dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema.
When going outside for the day, be sure you use some kind of sun protection. Repeatedly being exposed to the sun, without the use of sunblock can worsen dark spots on face or can make them linger. Never scrub the skin on your face as this can lead to irritation. Avoid picking at your skin as this can result in scars or making the spots more prominent. Also be sure to avoid the use of harsh chemicals or cosmetic treatments. Laser resurfacing or microdermabrasion can injure the skin and chemical peels can do more damage than good.
Protecting Yourself from the Sun
Most treatments that are available for dark spots on face are designed to minimize their appearance while also evening out your skin tone. It’s important for a person suffering from this skin condition to understand the importance behind preventative treatment, in order to avoid additional, or the reoccurrence, of dark spots on face. If you frequently have acne breakouts, you’ll need to meet with your dermatologist in order to determine which type of skincare regimen will help to prevent the reoccurrence of breakouts, especially if the irritation to your skin is caused by acne fighting products. If you spend several hours a day outdoors, find sunscreen that is strong enough to shelter your skin from the harmful UV rays, without causing further damage to your skin by using creams and oils that are too harsh. If you have skin conditions such as eczema, consult with your skincare specialist before applying any type of lightening cream.
Once you have the trigger or underlying caused under control, you’ll then be able to begin focusing on a treatment that will help to minimize the appearance of the dark spots, restoring your even complexion.
Some skincare products that are designed to fade or lighten dark spots include ones that contain retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids or hydroquinone. Hydroquinone can be found at pharmacies and doesn’t require a prescription. Because this product can cause severe allergic reactions, you should consult with your physician, prior to use. Alpha hydroy acid is found in moisturizers and cleansers and can also be purchased over the counter.
Retinoids are a form of vitamin A and are available by prescription or over the counter. This type of chemical can cause peeling, redness, irritation and dryness of the skin.
A skin discoloration system is available with prescription and is designed to minimize the appearance of dark spots on face. This skincare regimen is both gentle and safe, containing skin brightening ingredients that won’t dry out or irritate the skin.
Keep in mind that getting rid of these dark spots will require patience, a solid prevention method and the treatment of the underlying cause, in order for it to be effective.